FIRST NATIONS PEOPLES OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
This map is designed to illustrate the rich diversity of the First Nations Peoples of British Columbia. Like all maps, it is a rendition - a best attempt at reflecting a current reality, recognizing that "the map is not the territory".
A variety of sources have been used as guides, including the Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs June 1993 map entitles "Sovereign Indigenous Nations Territorial Boundaries", and the map entitled "Traditional Territories of British Columbia First Nations as set out by Statements of Intent accepted by the B.C. Treaty Commission". The boundaries between territories are deliberately shown as blending into one another, in recognition of the complex territorial relationships involved. Many boundary overlaps are currently being negotiated by the First Nations as part of the B.C. Treaty Process. Names and pronunciations used on this map are as close as possible to those currently used by the First Nations (*please note the explanation for Coast Salish).
This map is intended to be an educational tool. Educators and First Nations people are encouraged to work together in interpreting the map, and incorporating new information to it.
Ordering Information can be found at the Crown Publication's website.
map - (JPEG, 700KB), will take a minute or two to download.
A Basic Guide to Names*
below are the First Nations Peoples as they are generally
known today with a phonetic guide to common pronunciation.
Newcomers to these phonetic pronunciations may still
find a huge gap between what they say and what they hear
a native speaker saying. The best way to learn these
name is to listen closely when in the presence of someone
more familiar, and perhaps even ask for a quick lesson.
Also included here are name formerly given these groups,
and the language families to which they belong.
Adapted from Cheryl Coull's "A Traveller's Guide to Aboriginal
B.C." with permission of the publisher, Whitecap Books
** Although Coast Salish is not the traditional First Nations name for the people occupying this region, this term is used to encompass a number of First Nations Peoples including Klahoose, Homalco, Sliammon, Sechelth, Squamish, Halq'emeylem, Ostlq'emeylem, Hul'qumi'num, Pentlatch, Straits.