Special Education


Teaching Students with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Appendix Four: Adaptation Checklist

A student who is provided with accommodations or supports in order to achieve the learning outcomes of the provincial curriculum is considered to be receiving adaptations. Students who receive adaptations in credit courses in the graduation years are eligible to receive a Dogwood Certificate upon completion of British Columbia Graduation requirements. Adaptations required by students with AD/HD could include, but are not limited to:

Adaptations to Lesson Presentation

___ giving a structured overview before the lesson

___ using visual aids, demonstrations, simulations and manipulatives to ensure that students understand concepts presented

___ using an overhead projector and keeping each overhead for later review by the student

___ colour coding with chalk or pens to add emphasis

___ providing a copy of teacher or peer notes to allow student to focus on listening

___ providing "turn and talk" or activity breaks to assist the student's ability to focus on instruction

___ providing a written outline or frame for students to fill in

___ enabling the student to tape record material presented verbally

___ using computer assisted instruction

___ establishing routines that enable the student to check understanding with a peer

___ including a variety of activities for the student in each lesson

___ collaborative planning with the learning assistance teacher to pre-teach key vocabulary and concepts

Adaptations to Assignments, Projects and Tests

___ giving instructions visually and verbally,

___ pairing students to check work

___ breaking large assignments into smaller parts and providing feedback and reinforcement as each part is completed,

___ providing additional time to complete assignments or tests,

___ encouraging the use of manipulatives to understand mathematical concepts,

___ providing checklists, outlines, advanced organizers, etc. to assist in assignment completion,

___ supplying reading materials at independent reading level,

___ requiring the completion of fewer examples in drill and practice activities while maintaining the conceptual difficulty of the assignment,

___ providing audio tape to assist students to focus on the material to be read and to maximize understanding.

___ using computer assisted drill and practice or simulation activities,

___ enabling students to demonstrate understanding using a variety of media including oral presentations, audio or video taped assignments, bulletin board displays, dramatizations, and demonstrations,

___ enabling students to word process, rather than write, assignments

___ giving frequent shorter quizzes rather than longer tests that require a great deal of memorization,

___ giving tests and exams orally or on audio tape,

___ enabling students to audio record test answers on tape,

___ using a calculator or tables of basic facts to enable students who have difficulty memorizing to work on higher level concepts in math and science

Organizational Supports

___ assist the student to set short term goals and provide opportunities for self-evaluation of progress toward those goals

___ teach the student to use an agenda, checklists, advanced organizers and other structural supports to assist in self management

___ teach the student to keep track of materials by using strategies such as tying a pencil to the desk, attaching a pen to clothing with a key ring, etc.

___ establish specific places for all belongings and reinforce student for putting materials away properly

___ colour code binder dividers or duotangs to that they match the subject area texts or support materials; use the same color coding on the student's schedule

___ encourage the student to use a "Lazy Susan" inside the desk or locker to avoid things getting lost in the back

___ set up a regular communication system to provide structure and support that is consistent between parents and teachers

Compensatory Skills

___ teach the use of a word processing with spell checker

___ teach the use of a calculator

___ provide instruction and practice in using study skills and learning strategies

___ provide instruction and support in using self monitoring strategies

___ provide social skills instruction in and opportunities to role play and transfer appropriate social skills

___ teach the use of a timer to increase time on task and assignment completion

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