The Ministry of Education sets the education standards for students in grades K to 12 through the provincial curriculum. These standards are called Prescribed Learning Outcomes (PLOs). PLOs outline the expectations for what students should know and be able to do at each grade and within each subject area. 

In addition to provincial curriculum, Boards of Education (Public Schools), and Education Authorities (Independent Schools) have the authority to develop local curriculum in areas where a provincial curriculum does not exist. The Ministry also approves programs developed by external agencies such as International Baccalaureate or Advanced Placement.